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List of Abbreviations

The SEND parents forum have helped create a list of abbreviations and words used that can be confusing. If you would like any others added to the table below, then please let Mrs Crabbor the school office know.


Attention deficit disorder

A range of behavioural issues including poor concentration, low concentration span, poor working memory, daydreaming.


Attention deficit hyperactive disorder

A range of behavioural issues including poor concentration, hyperactivity, low concentration span, poor working memory, daydreaming.


Autism Spectrum Disorders

Pupils with autistic spectrum disorders may have a difficulty in understanding the communication of others and in developing effective communication themselves. Pupils may find it difficult to understand the social behaviour of others. They may be literal thinkers and fail to understand the social context. They can experience high levels of stress and anxiety in settings that don't meet their needs


Behaviour Outreach Team

Works closely with individual schools to identify, assess and support pupils with emotional, social and behavioural difficulties.


Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service

A specialist NHS service for children and young people with emotional, behavioural or mental health difficulties.


Community Paediatrician

Doctor with special responsibility for the care of children.

Children with ASD, ADHD or those that are showing associated behaviours may be referred to a CP


Complex Communication Difficulties/Autism Team

Supports pupils and students with complex communication difficulties, or an autism spectrum disorder, primarily in mainstream school environment.



refers to a wide variety of teaching techniques and lesson adaptations that teachers use to support the learning of a diverse group of pupils, with diverse learning needs, in the same learning environment.



Pupils with dyscalculiahave difficulty in acquiring mathematical skills. Pupils may have difficulty understanding simple number concepts, lack an intuitive grasp of numbers and have problems learning number facts and procedures.



Pupils with dyslexia have a marked and persistent difficulty in learning to read, write and spell, despite progress in other areas. Pupils may have poor reading comprehension, handwriting and punctuation. They may also have difficulties in concentration and organisation and in remembering sequences of words. They may mispronounce common words or reverse letters and sounds in words



Pupils with dyspraxia are affected by an impairment or immaturity of the organisation of movement, often appearing clumsy. Gross and fine motor skills are hard to learn and difficult to retain and generalise. Pupils may have poor balance and co-ordination and may be hesitant in many actions (running, skipping, hopping, holding a pencil, doing jigsaws, etc). Their articulation may also be immature and their language late to develop. They may also have poor awareness of body position and poor social skills


Early Intervention Family Support

Early Intervention Family Support Workers have a good understanding of child development, family life and parenting and they listen to parents and work with families to support them with parenting skills, managing behaviour and feelings.


Education, Health, Care Plan

Details the education, health and social care support that is to be provided to a child or young person who has SEN or a disability. It is drawn up by the local authority after an EHC needs assessment of the child or young person has determined that an EHC plan is necessary, and after consultation with relevant partner agencies


Education Welfare Officer

A designated person who liaises between education and social care departments. They monitor pupil attendance and may intervene to support families where appropriate.


Educational Psychologist

Is concerned with helping children or young people who are experiencing problems within an educational setting with the aim of enhancing their learning.


Graduated Approach

A model of action and intervention in early education settings, schools and colleges to help children and young people who have special educational needs. The approach recognises that there is a continuum of special educational needs and that, where necessary, increasing specialist expertise should be brought to bear on the difficulties that a child or young person may be experiencing.


Global learning delay

Usually diagnosed by a CP, and suggests that a child is slow in reaching milestones of development at an early age. Sometimes before school.


Graduated Response

A model of action and intervention in nursery to help children who have special educational needs. The approach recognises that there is a continuum of special educational needs and that, where necessary, increasing specialist expertise should be brought to bear on the difficulties that a child or young person may be experiencing. The higher the GR the more specialist expertise needed to ensure that the child is making progress and their needs are being met.


Hearing Impairment/ Team

Supports families of all Worcestershire children with a hearing loss from the point of diagnosis, throughout pre-school, early education until the child has completed his/her education.


Individual Provision Map

A document to plan and record actions being undertaken to meet the additional needs of a pupil.



Small group or individual programmes of study for pupils with identified additional needs.


Learning Support Team

Is an intervention service that helps schools to support pupils who have learning difficulties.



oppositional defiant disorder

is a childhood disorder that is defined by a pattern of hostile, disobedient, and defiant behaviours directed at adults or other authority figures. ODD is also characterizedby children displaying angry and irritable moods, as well as argumentative and vindictive behaviours


Occupational Therapists

Assess peoples’ ability to engage in the daily activities and occupations that are important to them and assist them to achieve their personal goals and gain independence


Pastoral Support Plan

The aim of a Pastoral Support Plan (PSP) is to promote social inclusion and help to reduce the need for permanent exclusion.


Speech and Language Therapist

Speech and language therapists provide life-changing treatment, support and care for children and adults who have difficulties with communication, or with eating, drinking and swallowing. You'll help people who, for physical or psychological reasons, have problems speaking and communicating.


Special Educational Need or Disability

A child or young person has special educational needs and disabilities if they have a learning difficulty and/or a disability that means they need special health and education support, we shorten this to SEND.



special educational needs coordinator

A SENCoshould ensure that all staff follow the school's SEN code of practice. This may involve identifying, assessing and planning for needs and developing support programmes to meet those needs and break down any barriers to learning.



speech, language and communication needs

A child may have difficulty with only one speech, language or communication skill, or with several. Children may have difficulties with listening and understanding or with talking or both.



Teaching assistant

TAs have two main roles: supporting children's learning, and supporting the main class teacher.


Visually Impaired

Visual impairment, also known as vision impairment or vision loss, is a decreased ability to see to a degree that causes problems not fixable by usual means, such as glasses